Improving Executive Functioning in Children By Kimberly V. Porter M. Ed.
We all experience diverse emotions daily, often we have been disappointed,reacted to issues and or circumstances through some form of anger, and even low self - esteem .I would like to present to you the subject matter of “executive functioning” .Executive Functioning is a term used in general to describe a persons ability to effectively manage and respond to an emotional experience, this can make everyday tasks difficult for our early learners.
Emotional experience involve the ability to restrain, or stop certain emotions such as diverse trauma ,joy, sorrow, fear, hate, what one may like or love. These emotions are regulated and controlled by the prefrontal cortex and frontal lobe (impulse control, judgment, decision making, time management, personality, task initiation, persistence) and the limbic system (regulation of emotions).
Processing of Information
Working memory governs our ability to retain and manipulate distinct pieces of information over short periods of time. Mental flexibility helps us to sustain or shift attention in response to different demands or to apply different rules in different settings. Self-control enables us to set priorities and resist impulsive actions or responses.
Donald Norman and Tip Shallice outlined five types of situations in which routine activation of behavior would not be sufficient for optimal performance, and where executive functions must kick in-situations that involve planning or decision making, situations that involve error correction or trouble shooting,situations where responses are not well-rehearsed or contain novel sequences of actions,dangerous or technically difficult situations that require overcoming strong habitual response or resisting temptation.
Executive functioning development in childhood studies have shown different contexts for different age ranges and in a wide-spread series of actions or steps taken in order to achieve a particular end process. Executive functioning skills are a set of abilities that are essential for thinking through and completing tasks. They are the skills that allow us to problem solve, initiate and complete tasks, and sustain attention through the completion of a task,they are needed for every multi-step activity we do.
According to Dr. Matthew Rouse, "Self-regulation is the ability to manage your emotions and behavior in accordance with the demands of the situation. It includes being able to resist highly emotional reactions to upsetting stimuli, to calm yourself down when you get upset, to adjust to a change in expectations and to handle frustration without an outburst. It is a set of skills that enables children, as they mature, to direct their own behavior towards a goal, despite the unpredictability of the world and our own feelings.
Executive function is responsible for a number of skills, including,paying attention,organizing, planning and prioritizing,starting tasks and staying focused on them to completion,understanding different points of view,regulating emotions,self-monitoring (keeping track of what you're doing).
As an educator for more 10 years ,wonderful opportunities have flourished within providing diverse positions within my early childhood education career. Throughout my teaching experience discovering that when children are part of an environment that is reflective , the individual learner can learn to make better choices when they are more thoughtful, reflective and self-aware as educators learn to slow down and model self-reflection and self-awareness and self-regulation for our early learners.
Our early learners learn much more by imitation than they do by instruction,for example,if a child sees or, hears, a lot of yelling from an adult , and sees or hears the adult in a frustrated issue and or concern when he or she is not able to get their way, it's no surprise if the child reacts in the same way. In short, children often imitate what they see and hear, all the early learner knows is what they know.
If someone gets anxious when their child is frustrated or disappointed, the child will get anxious as well , this is what a part of what is seen emotions and as an educator it is my responsibility to be able to be as calm as possible in order for the student to be able to calm in the face of frustration and disappointment. Early learners who are dealing with anxiety can often be mistaken for behavior problems or learning disabilities . Therefore, providing the support and resources that our early learners and parents require concerning"executive functioning skill development are indeed an excellent essential necessity for home and the school environment. I encourage parents and or guardians and people in general to learn all they can about executive functioning and how it shows up in various disorders.
Opportunities Offers a Rich Foundation Within Early Childhood Education By Kimberly V. Porter M. Ed.
Providing Early Child Development opportunities offers a rich foundation for positive academic and health making available a wide-range of positive opportunities that explore brain development within the development early years. Early Childhood Education is devoted to provide the necessities to expand our young learner’s diverse early learning experiences and practices within the areas of cognitive and social development. Early Childhood Education intervention assistance supports programs to address early literacy, mathematical ability, cognitive development, socio-emotional development, physical development and motor skills. Additional components include but not limited to diverse academics, recreation, parent support, social services, and two meals including snack and healthcare services that provide general well-being.
Our early learners often select materials that are interesting to them from their classroom everyday experiences. Sensitive teachers are aware of the individual Scholars interest, needs and skill development and provide plenty of practice and repetition. This leads to various opportunities for teachers to ask questions using real fact illustrations along with patterns making sure what they are interested in is relaxed allowing the individual learner to continue being active and involved .Sensitive teachers are mindful of Scholars who may come into the classroom environment from various language and social backgrounds and make a wide-range of interesting thoughtful fun preventions. For example, within early education today our early learners are encircled with hands on learning, visual, audio and diverse learning centers.
Last but not least, our Scholars are introduced to various experiences to math activities as well as the math language. Math Development contains understanding size, (geometry: shapes and space), measuring and patterns Ability to count verbally (first forward, then backward). Recognizing numerals, identifying more and less of a quantity. Understanding one-to-one correspondence (i.e., matching sets, or knowing which group has four and which has five). This brings us to the importance of Teacher and Scholar interaction, this is indeed valuable for the success of the individual learner. Check out this wonderful article on the topic of math experiences from the National Association for the Education of Young Children “Make Math Meaningful for Diverse Learners”.
Nemeth, K. (2017).Teaching Young Children. Teaching Young Children | Vol. 11 No.
1 | October/November 2017 .Retrieved from
http://www.naeyc.org/tyc/article/make-math- meaningful-for- diverse-learners.
The Importance of Early Childhood Development by Kimberly Porter
My desire is to open a quality Early Childhood Development Center in the very near future that will offer a wide-range of educational and parent facility and most importantly, Christ centered.
1 Corinthians 13:4-7New International Version (NIV)
4 Love is patient, love is kind. It does not envy, it does not boast, it is not proud. 5 It does not dishonor others, it is not self-seeking, it is not easily angered, it keeps no record of wrongs. 6 Love does not delight in evil but rejoices with the truth. 7 It always protects, always trusts, always hopes, always perseveres.
Kimberly V. Porter, M.Ed.
“THE ULTIMATE MEASURE OF A MAN IS NOT WHERE HE STANDS IN MOMENTS OF COMFORT AND CONVENIENCE, BUT WHERE HE STANDS AT TIMES OF CHALLENGE AND CONTROVERSY,” ~DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING JR.
I Am Wonderfully Creative Early Childhood Development Scholars & Learning Center
The Importance of Early Childhood Development
As an Early Childhood Development Program Director it is of high importance to welcome children of all abilities, with the commitment to provide quality Early Childhood Development Education to each individual Scholar. Every child is a unique individual. All children and families deserve to be full members of their communities, to have the opportunity for development and learning, and to experience a sense of belonging.
Our Scholars explore various learning environments including cooking, art, science, dramatic play, in addition to our classroom media center. This ensures daily exposure to diverse learning practices, which uses a hands-on, consistent approach to teach science, technology, engineering, the arts, and math while developing both problem-solving and critical thinking skills.
In providing a loving, nurturing environment, the goal is to help each Scholar to become self-confident independent learners who will develop a strong sense of self-worth, enabling them to make positive life choices. Having a great teaching team is involved in providing children and parents with a learning experience beyond compare this includes providing a rich nurturing environment. Teachers are dedicated to their craft and have diverse training's and education within Early Childhood Development. Parents can trust their children are receiving the best education from professionals, whose number-one priority is to provide an environment that is safe and nurtures the physical, intellect ,emotional, and social development of each individual learner.
Understanding Relationship Is A Critical Component:
All staff and teachers understand that having a relationship between the Early Childhood program and home environment is a critical component of each scholar’s progress. It is of significance to reach every family by providing a weekly report to parents and or guardians, which outlines the activities implemented each week. Many teachers recognize that environment is significant in the learning opportunities for each individual learner. Teachers take pride in providing “peace of mind” for parents by providing a safe, secure atmosphere for each scholar in our facility, our programs, and surroundings.
Toddler Program 16 Months-2 Years of Age: Our Toddler Scholars program is designed to be an interactive experience between the classroom, the teacher, and the children. Toddler Scholars will learn to count, formulate sentences, discover their imaginative and musical abilities, differentiate between their emotions, and learn about the world around them. Each scholar’s day is structured into learning blocks that focus on core concepts: physical development and health, language and literacy, creative arts, math, social emotional development, science, and social studies.
Preschool Program 3 Years of Age: Our Preschool Scholars Program proves children learn best through repetition and practice. Scholars will receive early education in science, technology, art, and math and will be tracked academically and socially through continuous assessments.
Pre-Kindergarten Program 4-5 Years of Age: Our Pre-Kindergarten Program Scholars program builds upon the foundational literacy skills, extending the learning in all academic areas and strengthening the individual learner for Kindergarten.
Early Language and Literacy:
• Language and Literacy Development: Early language and literacy (reading and writing)
development begins in the first 3 years of life and is closely linked to a child’s earliest experiences with books and stories. The interactions that young children have with such literacy materials as books,
paper, and crayons, and with the adults in their lives are the building blocks for language, reading, and writing development. This relatively new understanding of early literacy development complements
the current research supporting the critical role of early experiences in shaping brain development.
• Intellect Development: Intellectual (or "cognitive") development focuses on functions of the brain such as thinking, learning, awareness, judgment and processing information. Children should be given
many opportunities to plan and make choices, then discuss the results of their choices.
• Executive Function: Executive function and self-regulation skills are the mental processes that enable us to plan, focus attention, remember instructions, and juggle multiple tasks successfully. Just as an air
traffic control system at a busy airport safely manages the arrivals and departures of many aircraft on multiple runways, the brain needs this skill set to filter distractions, prioritize tasks, set and achieve
goals, and control impulses. When children have opportunities to develop executive function and self-regulation skills, individuals and society experience lifelong benefits. These skills are crucial for
learning and development. They also enable positive behavior and allow us to make healthy choices for ourselves and our families.
• Social Development: Is the growth of a child's ability to relate to others and become independent.
• Emotional Development is the growth of a child's ability to feel and express an increasing range of emotions appropriately.
• Physical Development: The way in which children's body increases in skill involving movement.
• Cognitive Development: Cognitive development is the emergence of the ability to think and understand.
• Creative Expressions: Creative Expressions in Early Childhood explores the role of creative expression including visual arts, music and movement, and creative drama in development of young children
• Scientific Thinking: Scientific thinking differs from the learning of scientific facts in that scientific thinking involves children in the process of finding out. Science for young children should involve asking
questions, probing for answers, conducting investigations, and collecting data.
• Technology: When used intentionally and appropriately, technology and interactive media are effective tools to support learning and development.
• Art: Visual Learning drawing, sculpting with clay and threading beads on a string all develop visual-spatial skills, which are more important than ever. Even toddlers know how to operate a smart phone or
tablet, which means that even before they can read, kids are taking in visual information.
• Math Development:
Understanding size, (geometry: shapes and space), measuring and patterns Ability to count verbally (first forward, then backward).
• Recognizing numerals.
• Identifying more and less of a quantity. Understanding one-to-one correspondence (i.e., matching sets, or knowing which group has four and which has five).
Gardening Helps Children Learn Valuable Lessons About Patience
Gardening Development: Gardening helps children learn valuable lessons about patience as they wait for vegetables to grow, responsibility as they take over watering duties, and even loss when flowers die at the end of a season. Gardening also provides opportunities to learn about science/nature and practice cooperation. One of the most important lessons a young child can learn from vegetable gardening is an understanding of where food comes from. Children are also more likely to take an interest in trying vegetables they have grown themselves. Hands on projects like gardening are successful because they allow children to explore at their own pace and engage in experiential learning. One of the most important lessons a young child can learn from vegetable gardening is an understanding of where food comes from. Children are also more likely to take an interest in trying vegetables they have grown themselves. Hands on projects like gardening are successful because they allow children to explore at their own pace and engage in experiential learning.
Early Childhood Development promotes healthy brain development through positive relationships and responsive environments helping scholars to bond.
Early Childhood Development provides a language rich environment that develops and promotes communication skill development while preparing a variety of stimulating activities that supports each scholar for school success.
Early Learning Before Kindergarten by Kimberly Porter
Early preparation includes how our scholars learn. Preparing our scholars for Kindergarten involves making sure early learners have preschool capabilities such as repeating a simple story in addition to being capable of identifying the letters in their name when they enter kindergarten. My belief is that early learners learn best through on- going active hands-on learning that empowers the scholar as an individual learner through a developmentally-appropriate curriculum, which enhances skill development preparing each child for Kindergarten along with life skills. This is the reason why preparing prekindergarten scholars before Kindergarten is the best time for early learners to engage in essential skill development such as:
• Following simple instructions
• Tracing shapes of letters and numbers
• Recognizing the title of a book, as well as matching rhyming sounds.
These skills are significant for forthcoming academic achievement, for the reason that together these early learning skills practices form a basis’s for strong pre-reading and pre-writing skillfulness essential for future academic practices with letters and sounds in Kindergarten.
The Importance on How our Scholars Learn
• Auditory Learners use their sense of hearing. They process information better when they can hear the information.
• Visual Learners use sight as a key tool for processing information.
• Kinesthetic (or hands-on) learners process information best by physically performing a task that incorporates the new information.
Lessons and Themes
Preparing lessons and themes using all three valuable teaching strategies of diverse leaning is an effective way of teaching our early learners. As educators and parents it is key to understand how each individual scholar learns and what would be the best technique for each scholar to learn.
Kimberly V. Porter, M.Ed.
“THE ULTIMATE MEASURE OF A MAN IS NOT WHERE HE STANDS IN MOMENTS OF COMFORT AND CONVENIENCE, BUT WHERE HE STANDS AT TIMES OF CHALLENGE AND CONTROVERSY,” ~DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING JR.
Who is Kimberly Porter
Within this life changing experience, God promises that He will not give us an assignment without giving His Power to bring His Purpose to the future.
Welcome to eLATION Magazine
Thank you for this exciting opportunity to introduce myself. I am Kimberly V. Porter a Hannibal Missouri native, I now reside in Minnesota. I am devoted to advocating and working within one of my passions, Early Childhood Development and I have served in diverse areas within Early Childhood Education. In addition, I am working on inspirational and educational books for children and I am truly excited about my present opportunity serving as an Early Childhood Program Director and in the future opening my own Early Childhood Program “I AM Wonderfully Creative Early Childhood Scholars and Learning Academy”.
God has blessed me to earn my Associate in Applied Science in Early Childhood Education, Early Childhood Education Degree Specializations in Child and Family Studies, Child with Special Needs and Associates in Language and Literacy Acquisition, Bachelor’s Degree in Early Childhood Education, and Master of Education Educational Leadership.
I enjoy serving God and people. I am compassionate about Kingdom building, partaking in several Ministries within my home church along with participating in local and national choir recordings. I have a heart for inspiring people to move forward in Life with Christ as the answer and only foundation. My love for writing includes Inspirational cards, freelance writing, empowering, and inspiring “Women of Virtue” using God inspired writings encouraging the individual woman to seek Christ in all things and for all things building an enriched understanding concerning who they are in Christ.
I am the Author of:
• Inspirations from the Heart
• I Am My Sister's Keeper
• April Showers (Inspirational Poetic Expressions)
• Days of the Week
I am extremely grateful to be Chief Editor for eLATION magazine. I enjoy spreading the Word of Christ as a staff writer, serving Gospel artists, authors, actors and educators and every additional area of need through the format of eLATION Magazine.
eLATION magazine is excited about spreading the Good News of the Gospel of our LORD and Savior. Our prayer is for God to continue to refresh our mind with His WORD as we focus on Him and His Purpose
• Same Mind (the Mind of Christ)
• Same Purpose (God’s Purpose)
Play with Kimberly V. Porter M. Ed.
Kimberly V. Porter M. Ed.
Play is vital for the growth of each child. Throughout my teaching experience I used play to support diversity within learning strategies which allowed me to reach and teach the child in a different setting using development appropriate teaching moments and strategies. Play contains, creativity, hands on learning and social skills and is a natural learning tool and creates imagination.
When I think of play I visualize play as essential for a child’s development and for learning life skills.
Play is an essential part of all children's development and starts in infancy and continues throughout his or her life. Play is how children learn to socialize, to think, to solve problems, to mature and most importantly, to have fun. Play connects Children with their Imagination and their Surroundings Parent participation in a child's world of play is not only beneficial for the child but is tremendously beneficial to parents. Playing with children creates and strengthens bonds that will last forever. Parent-child play opens doors for the sharing of values, increases communication, allows for teachable moments and assists in problem solving. Play offers a child the ability to master skills that will help develop self-confidence.
Play allows Children to be Creative. Play allows children to be creative while developing their own imagination, this is significant to healthy brain development. Play is the first opportunity for children to discover the world in which they live. Play offers children the ability to master skills that will help develop self-confidence and the ability to recover quickly from play frustrations. Play allows children to express their views, experiences and at times, frustrations. Play with other children helps a child learn how to be part of a group. Play allows a child to learn the skills of negotiation, problem solving, sharing, and working within groups. Children practice decision-making skills, move at their own pace and discover their own interests during play. Children Gain Knowledge Through Their Play.
Benefits of Play
There are many benefits to play. Children gain knowledge through their play. They learn to think, remember, and solve problems.
Children increase their problem-solving abilities through diverse games and puzzles.
Children involved in make-believe play can stimulate several types of learning.
Children can strengthen their language skills by modeling other children and adults. Play house helps children create
Play helps children learn about the different roles of family members.
Why Play is IMPORTANT
Play is an energetic way for our early learners to gain a sense of achievement in so doing develops self –esteem.
Play enhances exploration, children will be able to build ideals, thoughts and abilities. Children are comfortable and confident when they are at play.
Throughout play children use skills they have already developed (become skilled at) to extend their knowledge and understanding of the world around them.
Play releases stress.
Parent Participation in a Child's World of Play
Play allows parents to view the world through the eyes of a child.
Early childhood classrooms make available distinctive settings to nurture cognitive and social/emotional development through diverse centers settings such as (science, math, social studies, literacy, music, writing, dramatic play, blocks, and sensory).
What types of play are you involved in with your scholar?
For more information about play visit: